Guaranteed No Stress LIFE BELOW WATER

Marine ecosystem

Brezonik et al demonstrated a strong relationship between CDOM and DOC but were cautious about assuming a consistent relationship. Members Present: Dennis DeSilvey, Bill Sweetland, Pete Douvarjo, Eric Sass. University un envoy of Michigan School for Environment and Sustainability SEAS. If you have questions about how to cite anything on our website in your project or classroom presentation, please contact your teacher. Comanagement arrangements through which local communities share formal management authority for coral reef fisheries emerged in the early 1990s. The importance of science is emphasized in the NMFS mission statement. Check price and availability on the Kilauea Volcano bike tour here. Resources beyond National JurisdictionsThe Convention on the Law of the Sea designated marine minerals on the seabed beyond national jurisdiction as thecommon heritage of mankind, to be explored and exploited for the benefit of humanity as a whole. Alongside our community conservation efforts, we have pioneered Timor Leste’s first homestay association, which now provides a consistent income from visiting ecotourists and sparked interest in replication by a mainland community. Photo courtesy of Taylor and Kumar, 2016. MRE has both positive and negative impacts on the other nine goals of the index. The Current State of Fish and Israel’s Fisheries in the Mediterranean Sea. Some currents are directly responsible for specific climatic effects. There was also some indirect evidence of cold seep habitats on the Hikurangi margin east of North Island and off Otago on the South Island via seep type fauna identified from fisheries by catch, but no in situ images of active cold seep communities had been obtained, nor had any comprehensive sampling of live cold seep fauna been undertaken. Second, we assessed how alternate reference points modified goal scores, in particular for the mariculture sub goal see File S1. This report from the International Resource Panel and the One Planet network explains the ‘Value Chain Approach’ methodology and shares findings from its application to three critical sectors: food, construction and textiles. A/70/684 annex 25–27 United Nations, 2016. Continental slopes, seamounts and canyons 200–2500 m are projected to experience significant warming, pH decline, oxygen loss and decline in POC flux by 2081–2100 compared to 1951–2000 under RCP8. Notice of Agency Rulemaking Proposal Chapter 115 Vibrio parahaemolyticus Control Plan. Ocean warming has contributed to observed changes in biogeography of organisms ranging from phytoplankton to marine mammals high confidence, consequently changing community composition high confidence, and in some cases, altering interactions between organisms medium confidence. Mailing AddressNo classes or services at this location3501 University Blvd. Menhaden barely appeared north of Cape Cod that summer, and they were extraordinarily scarce for six years following. Indicators at the global and national scales France are also explored. Joining a professional institute, such as the IMarEST, provides you with a range of benefits and services that are tailored to your point in your career, to support your professional development, raise your profile and connect you with other like minded professionals from around the world.

Questions For/About LIFE BELOW WATER

UN Specialized Agencies

Accordingly, ocean life sections of ESG reports were not as in depth as others, such as clean energy. Holt J, Polton J, Huthnance J, Wakelin S, O’Dea E, Harle J, Yool A, Artioli Y, Blackford J, Siddorn J, Inall M. The Great Pacific Garbage Patch, which is a collection of rubbish in the Pacific Ocean is now three times the size of France. State has a significant elver fishery. Heavy minerals, including mineral sands titanium, zirconium, thorium, tungsten, gold, tin, diamond. Glycyl radical enzymes proposed to mediate hydrocarbon addition to fumarate were found in 13 MAGs Chloroflexi, Aminicenantes, Aerophobetes, Actinobacteria, Bathyarchaeota, Thorarchaeota, and Lokiarchaeota Fig. From region to region, music differs in both language and purpose is still performed in the traditional ways. The nearest drinking water well is less than 0. The Public Inspection page on FederalRegister. Other medium trophic level organisms, such as goatfishes and small native demersal fishes, suffered significant large declines Fig. The nearest drinking water well is between 0. «In order to maintain your equipment, you have to have data, so I used that to create maintenance checklists that the guys would send back to me. ADS Article Google Scholar.

Why LIFE BELOW WATER Is A Tactic Not A Strategy


These black smokers are of interest as they are in a more stable area of the Earth’s crust, where tectonic forces are less and consequently fields of hydrothermal vents are less common. 188,189,190,191 Sea ice loss in the Arctic is expected to continue through this century, very likely resulting in nearly sea ice free late summers by the middle of the century Ch. Lack of evidence / robust assessment criteria. This show featured the art of school students in more than 40 Mobile and Baldwin County Schools. XV Coordination and cooperation, para. Clear, brisk weather greeted members of the Wahkiakum High School football team as they gathered in Cathlamet before an early November game. ICES Journal of Marine Science: Journal du Conseil 67, 686–691 2010. «If I had a sum of money to invest in the problem then I would spend 95% of it on approaches to stop the plastic from entering the oceans. 7 April 2022 will be the 40th anniversary of the CAMLR Convention coming into force. Environmental Biology of Fishes 4:349–362. Ordnance Datum Newlyn ODN in the UK, chart data related to the lowest astronomical tide or to mean lower low water, or mean sea level MSL is used widely. The authors declare that they have no conflicts of interest. PdfVeteran’s preference does not apply when selecting individuals under the specific hiring authority addressed in the Summary section of this announcement. Fish and Game Commission, 334 U. DGMK, 1997, 9706: 37 49. This one might be used in your family room walls or, if you are a musician, it might help you in your music room. Reide Corbett Associate Professor ECU, Dept. Universally, the goal of electric power generation planners is to deliver electricity to the maximum number of customers at the lowest possible price. David Eggleston Professor, MEAS and CMAST Director, Lewis Owen, Head, Dept of MEAS, Astrid Schnetzer Associate Professor MEAS, Steve Broadhurst NCSU Dive Safety Officer, and Daniel Bowling PhD student, MEAS. Having to do with living or once living organisms. Tombigbee 662 285 3264, Ackerman. REGULATED SUBSTANCES: Substance Name 1,1,1 Trichloroethane 1,1 Dichloroethane Chloroform Ethylbenzene Toluene Trichloroethene GW Soil Substance Name 1,1,2 Trichloroethane Carbon tetrachloride Dichloromethane Tetrachloroethene trans 1,2 Dichloroethene Xylenes GW Soil GEORGIA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DIVISION HAZARDOUS SITE INVENTORY SITE NAME: LOCATION: Station at Vinings The 2810 Paces Ferry Road Atlanta, Cobb County, GA 30339 ACREAGE 3. The protocol emphasizes LMR driven design to ensure delivery of decision relevant information. The objective here is to offer a brief overview that helps identify the variety of possible perceptions relevant for CBMRM. These factors are transforming ocean ecosystems, and these transformations are already impacting the U. Wildlife biologist Brad Hanson supervised the NMFS’s killer whale tagging program. Biogeosciences, doi: 10. 67 documents in the last year. B Concentration of oil in barrels km2 after 14 days of spill from the tanker location marked by the blue dot.



To date, our view of the value of the ocean has been overly focused on a single measure of contribution to GDP. Marine biologists regularly publish scientific papers, and present their findings to others. Accordingly, the issue of whether the circuit court erred in denying the Residents leave to amend their petition is not before us. Wildlife species synchronize their migrations and reproductive cycles to capitalize on the flourishing habitat conditions that accompany long summer days. Compared to other beaches in Beaufort County, the Hilton Head area reports the most live strandings and Amber Kuehn is the only volunteer permitted to transport live sea turtles to SCDNR personnel. This weekly recap focuses on Russia’s war on Ukraine, medication treatment for patients with opioid use disorder, promoting global citizenship in America, and more. Renewable energy microgrids: economic evaluation and decision making for government policies to contribute to affordable and clean energy. His research interests focus on the innermost workings of marine organisms in a quest to understand how they work and evolve in the wild, and how they adapt to climate change. Gov websites use HTTPS A lock LockA locked padlock or https:// means you’ve safely connected to the. The tragedy of the commons. For information on user permissions, please read our Terms of Service. Such observations are waypoints worth noting Chadbourne, 1797. You can try to dialing this number: 251 861 2882 or find more information on their website: /saltwater fishing.

Being A Star In Your Industry Is A Matter Of LIFE BELOW WATER

§2440 Jurisdiction of courts

In addition, marine mammals, seabirds and sea turtles present habitat requirements associated with bathymetric and mesoscale features that facilitate the aggregation of their prey Bost et al. For each organisational website, the search string is adapted with specific keywords with manual systematic hand searches and vary between the websites Table 4. Request for Contractor Support for Fisheries Data Analyses March 22, 2022 The Gulf States Marine Fisheries Commission GSMFC in collaboration with NOAA Fisheries Southeast Fisheries Science Center SEFSC is looking for contractor support to improve scientific information for the management of fisheries in the US Gulf of Mexico to ensure their cultural, economic, and ecological sustainability. About two thirds of the world’s oceans showed signs of increased human impact between 2008 and 2013. LAND MANAGEMENT: THE ORGANIZATION CONTRACTS WITH THIRD PARTIES, PRIMARILY LOCAL GOVERNMENT BODIES, TO PERFORM SPECIFIC ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION PROJECTS. XC was supported by an IOLR scholarship under the DESSIM project «A Decision Support System for the management of Israel’s Mediterranean Exclusive Economic Zone». Respondents throughout the interviews agreed that this could further promote fishing inside the managed area. While social equity and environmental sustainability have often been featured centrally by developing coastal states and SIDS pursuing ocean based growth , there is real risk that a tendency to prioritize economic growth results in equity and sustainability becoming secondary or entirely sidelined in ocean policy and practice. The founding organizers of the cleanup events, in both the northern and southern reaches of the Washington coast, discovered willing and helpful partners in government land management agencies and staff from these agencies recognized the cleanup events were supportive of their respective missions, and they shared the common desire to encourage public participation in stewardship of our coastal marine environments. Foodservice Marines prepare food for other marines in garrison and the field. Notice of Emergency Rulemaking Chapter 36 Atlantic Herring 2021 Season 2 Open. Diesel powered generators are used in many remote homes, schools, and hospitals. The name of the Department of State, the present name of which is, in the Irish language, an Roinn na Mara agus Acmhainní Nadúrtha and, in the English language, the Department of the Marine and Natural Resources, is altered, in the Irish language, to that of an Roinn Cumarsáide, Mara agus Acmhainní Nadúrtha and, in the English language, to that of the Department of Communications, Marine and Natural Resources. According to their forecasts, the global center of power will shift to the Indo Pacific region, and competition for influence and resources in this region may escalate into an armed conflict. 5252, email Jennifer. 2020 assessed the revenue garnered from transboundary fisheries, finding that transboundary resources are important economic mainstays for many global nations. Roger received his law degree from Golden Gate University School of Law and a bachelor’s degree from Stanford University. The agency is also mobilized to ensure safe drinking water in Newburgh, following the discovery of perfluorooctanesulfonic acid PFOS in city drinking water. June 12, 2020: Marine Transportation – 2018 and 2019 Vessel Traffic. To receive these newsletters please contact. Consultant at Smooth Sailing. The Master of Marine Affairs MMA is an internationally recognized master’s degree for those who want to work in marine policy and administration. The Port of Pago Pago, your gateway to the magnificent islands of the Territory of American Samoa. As was first noted in Chapter 7, Hickeladministration officials, in February 1992, had filed a suit calledAlaska vs. In this regard, these actions should also be considered as science diplomacy practices and a form of Track 2 diplomacy, i.

5 Romantic LIFE BELOW WATER Ideas

Education and Outreach

Any claims you make in your resume or assessment questionnaire regarding education or degrees MUST be supported by submitting with your application official or unofficial transcripts or a list of courses, grades earned, completion dates, and quarter and semester hours earned issued from your school. The understanding of chemistry in the ocean is critical because changes can influence marine life, and in turn, human life. Cleanup activities are being conducted for groundwater. The Preparatory Committee, which was open to all Member States of the UN, members of the specialized agencies and parties to the Convention, with others invited as observers in accordance with past practice of the UN, started its work in 2016 and held four sessions. Thus, «true» subsistence fishing by non commercial fishers was not accessed here. A shift from sheep and beef farming to dairy farming and an increase in the number of animals per hectare see Issue 4: Our waterways are polluted in farming areas have increased the demand for water. The Law of the Sea Convention incorporated the MSY concept with several qualifications, for example, relevant environmental and economic factors, including the economic needs of coastal fishing communities and the special requirements of developing States, fishing patterns, the interdependence of stocks and any generally recommended international minimum standards. By Atlantic Council’s DFRLab. We work deep inside supply chains to improve transparency and accountability to help move the industry as a whole towards sustainable practices. Assess existing efforts and identify gaps and areas of opportunity. If a lobsterman were required to pay fees to support a legal stance he or she did not agree with, it could be viewed as a violation of the First Amendment, Randlett said. The IMCCC is a coordination committee at the Executive Cabinet level, chaired by the Minister of Environment and composed of ministers with a mandate in climate change policy. CLEANUP PRIORITY: The Director has designated this site as a Class II GA EPD DIRECTOR’S DETERMINATION REGARDING CORRECTIVE ACTION: Pending REGULATED SUBSTANCES RELEASED, AND THREATS TO HUMAN HEALTH AND ENVIRONMENT POSED BY THE RELEASE: This site has a known release of Tetrachloroethene in groundwater at levels exceeding the reportable quantity. 1002/2015GB005140B005140/full.

LIFE BELOW WATER Experiment: Good or Bad?

Political Economy Development: Environment eJournal

To qualify for The Bachelor of Science Marine Biology and Aquaculture Specialisation a student must complete 108 units, with a grade of P or NGP or better in each topic, according to the program of study detailed below. Therefore, while the carnassials are very pronounced in species that eat large prey cats, for example, those that are not purely carnivorous have less developed carnassials bears. 6 General principles, 6. They did so more readily: firstly, because they felt that the managed area was illegitimately constraining their customary fishing rights partly because they did not participate in its establishment process, and secondly, because they knew that potential penalties were unlikely since they were making use of their customary fishing rights and did not have to fear sanctions under national law. CrossRef Full Text Google Scholar. An economic approach to the optimum utilization of fishery resources. The following industry and government collaborative groups aid DMF in the fisheries management process. Mailing AddressNo classes or services at this location3501 University Blvd. Scientific Reports 2020. 5 and 1 miles from the area affected by the release. Blue crab: status of the fishery and management strategies. They can be accidentally transported to Virginia by boaters and anglers, and we are counting on you to help stop the spread of zebra mussels by taking the following precautions. For small scale inland perch fisheries from the central part of the country, recreational and illegal fishing are important problems that are difficult to quantify. Those in the utilities field plan and provide utilities to support posts and stations.

North Central Mukilteo Ferry Advisory Committee

Rome, Floyd County, GA 30161 ACREAGE 1. Since 2019, when the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA Fisheries first started discussing proposed changes, Maine lobstermen and their advocates, from the state’s congressional delegation to the DMR, Maine Lobstermen’s Association and Maine Lobstering Union, have struggled against the encroaching regulations. Bans have been put in place on fishing in some areas, such as Hawaii who are currently proposing a ban on all aquarium fish, and California which has a statewide network of marine protected areas. Categories: State and Local Tags: CARES Act, Coronavirus, COVID 19, Jeff Nichols, Maine, Maine Department of Marine Resources, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, New England, NOAA. Government travel managers will learn from strategies employed in the corporate sector to deal with systemic shifts. Nautical charts from the late 1990s show a large circular fish haven about 12 miles east of Rudee Inlet. In 1944 Hitler made him general Plenipotentiary for the Mobilization of Total War. When the fishing is intense, the relative abundance of the larger fish positioned high in the food chain is reduced. While lacking the δ15N of chemosynthetic producers, these are usually associated with low or even negative values, characteristic of local inorganic nitrogen sources NO3 , NH4+, N2. Photograph by Stephen McGowan, MyShot. Oceans provide natural resources such as medicine, food, biofuel and other staples. But considering that the uptake of such terms is still largely unfamiliar to an industry accustomed to the framing of corporate social responsibility, to what extent has the seafood industry taken on a stewardship role. The beaches are rugged and lovely, full of big boulders and waves, and there are Coastal Redwoods to walk through for days. Possess: For the purpose of this section, the word «possess» means dig, take, harvest, ship, transport, hold, buy, and sell retail and wholesale soft shell clam shell stock. A key focus is to ensure that new development and refinement of existing structures are climate smart and do not cause environmental damages that threaten water quality and the marine ecosystem.

Cape Cod Citizen Corps Council

New alien demersal fishes increased in all the scenarios, which may due to fishing reductions and/or the decrease of competition both native and alien groups. Rev Fish Biol Fish 29:223–247. Through the use of laboratory cultures, molecular biology techniques, and bioinformatics we aim to: describe and interpret spatial and temporal diversity of viruses and microbes, characterize phage–host interactions in environmental systems to define the role of viral lysis in the microbial loop, and understand the mechanisms of evolution of viruses and bacteria in the environment. 1, FAO Resolution 12/2009United Nations General Assembly Resolution 61/105 on Sustainable Fisheries, including through the 1995 Agreement for the Implementation of the Provisions of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea of 10 December 1982 relating to the Conservation and Management of Straddling Fish Stocks and Highly Migratory Fish Stocks, and related Instruments United Nations General Assembly UN Doc A/RES/61/105, GAOR 61st Session Supp 49 vol 1, 53United Nations General Assembly Resolution 69/245 on oceans and law of the sea United Nations General Assembly UN Doc A/RES/69/245p. While the Convention on Fishing and Conservation of the Living Resources of the High Seas CFCLR dedicatedly deals with conservation and management of marine fisheries, other conventions also have some provisions pertaining to fisheries regulation. There is some issue in accessing document path, Please contact to Site Admin. 40,68,177,178,179,180 Local extinction and range shifts of marine species due to changes in environmental conditions have already been well documented, as have the corresponding effects on community structure. The ocean has mitigated our impacts on the climate – absorbing 30% of our CO2 emissions and 90% of the excess heat we have produced. Department of Nutrition, Harvard T. 990 Industrial Park Drive Marietta, GA 30062 Longitude 84 o 32 ‘ 22 » W DATE LISTED 9/3/2004 Site Number 10792 EPD received notification of a release to the following propertys, and determined on the indicated date that the property should be sublisted as part of this site. 2016; Belschner et al.

Chairwoman, President, And Chief Executive Officer

A strategy to replace foreign imports with domestic production of goods. Under such conditions, prediction is hazardous. Offshore sand deposits also serve as emergency reserves for coastal restoration following natural disasters. All of these concerns underpin the strong advocacy by Fiji and the Pacific SIDS that greater political will must be directed towards the well being of oceans and fisheries, and to the strengthening of the nexus between oceans and sustainable development. Often this energy first passes through the ocean’s pervasive field of internal gravity waves that propagate and refract through the varying ocean circulation, often breaking into turbulent mixing far from their sources Eden and Olbers, 2014186; Alford et al. Written informed consent to participate in this study was provided by the participants, their legal guardian/next of kin, or the relevant stakeholders. The Ministry also oversees relations with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization FAO, the Inter American Institute for Cooperation on Agriculture IICA, CARICOM agricultural and fisheries related matters, the Free Trade Area of the Americas FTAA agricultural and fisheries related matters, World Trade Organization WTO agricultural and fisheries related matters, The Caribbean Agricultural and Research and Development Institute CARDI and the Economic Partnership Agreement EPA agricultural and fisheries related matters. Nearby destinations include Gold Bluffs Beach, Fern Canyon, Lady Bird Johnson Grove, Redwood Creek Overlook, and Bald Hills. Health, insurance, retirement and injury compensation. I am fortunate to live on the water in Smithfield and I recreationally boat frequently. 25′ A/71/25 n 80, annex, resolution 2/10. For these reasons, they are vital for national, regional and global food security and nutrition strategies, and have a big part to play in transforming food systems and eliminating hunger and malnutrition. The simulation of future climate scenarios for the period 2070–2099 is assessed to apply the delta change method, which is widely used in the literature Lutz et al. The evidence base for socioeconomic impacts of protected areas, the cornerstones of many biodiversity interventions , is weak.

Figure 5 18

MassWildlife restores, protects, and manages land for wildlife to thrive and for people to enjoy. However, no CMIP5 models accounted for changes in nutrient delivery from dust and anthropogenic aerosols during their experiments, which could be an important component of regional change Wang et al. NOAA Fisheries works with regional fisheries management councils to monitor the status of fish stocks, set catch limits, enforce regulations, and reduce bycatch. Org/ERL/16/063005/mmedia. Use these resources to teach middle schoolers more about the fossil record and radiocarbon dating. BRIEF JOB DESCRIPTION: This supervisory position engages in professional scientific work to conserve, enhance, and restore freshwater fishery resources in Maine’s Rangeley Lakes region, working as the Regional Fisheries Biologist from the Strong Regional Headquarters. Environmental Justice and Sustainability eJournal. Japan Copes With the Disappearing Eel. Like PhD positions, MS positions are funded tuition, fees, stipend. CrossRef Full Text Google Scholar. This may have negative effects on the myriad planktonic organisms that use calcium carbonate to build their skeletons. An intercomparison of oceanic methane and nitrous oxide measurements. More than 85 virtual attendees participated in the first formal and inclusive dialogue among fish and wildlife agencies and other conservation professionals in the Southeast around potential outcomes of the America the Beautiful campaign. Erosion related to roads is already the target of restoration efforts in the Sheepscot River and other DPS rivers see Roads and Upland Erosion page. «I thought the museum might be a temporary home for the lab, but as soon as we moved in and got set up, I recognized the value of having a storefront for our research in downtown Pensacola,» Gislason said. Research findings will be published in the Museum’s triannual Journal of Science Fiction. Read more about Canada here. A community based organization CBO, founded in the course of the program, assisted with the management and implementation of the marine closure in collaboration with local leadership customary and church leaders and a local resource management committee that was created for this purpose. From the Smithsonian Museums. Aquaculture AQ the cultivation of seed in natural or artificial growing areas, or the cultivation of shellstock other than seed in growing areas. Unfortunately, as this growing demand is depleting existing aggregate resources, there is an increase in illegal and unsustainable sand extraction in the marine environment with potentially far reaching environmental and social consequences. We help to ensure our country’s sovereignty and security through our presence in Canadian waters. Citation: Journal of Climate 25, 8; 10. Stability and Variability. CAS ADS Article Google Scholar. Owing to the finite nature of these fatty acids, the salmon industry has had to reduce its use in order to maintain sufficient supplies to enable the industry to keep growing and keep up with the strong consumer demand for salmon. The «small scale» component from A, here expanded for clarity.

Encarna Esteban

Devil Dog in English or Teufel hunden in german. Highway Construction Vehicles: The maximum vehicle weight in Massachusetts does not apply to any vehicle being operated on a public way within 200 yards of its work site if the vehicle is being used to construct a public way under a contract with the State or a local government Mass. As described previously, no mortality is anticipated or authorized for this activity. Reductions range between 0. Currently, there is room for improvement with respect to enforcement, profitability, socioeconomic impacts on resource users, and the adaptability of the policy to local realities. Elements informing a transition to a more adaptive and responsive global ocean governance system for ocean stewardship driven by three primary levers: reconfiguring nation state governance; empowering the commons through justice, equity and knowledge; and making ownership generative by integrating rights with responsibilities. In areas where frequent e. Do you want hassle free information and advice. Of the cetacean species that may be present, one is classified as a low frequency cetacean i. Western management practices must be open to incorporate approaches that have been proved successful in the past. REGULATED SUBSTANCES: Substance Name Chromium Dichloromethane GW Soil Substance Name Cis 1,2 Dichloroethene GW Soil GEORGIA ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION DIVISION HAZARDOUS SITE INVENTORY SITE NAME: LOCATION: Upson County Zorn Street Phase 2, 3 MSWLF Department of Transportation Drive Thomaston, Upson County, GA 30286 ACREAGE 5. Macrofaunal Ecologist thm4/26/2022 1:22:13. Ocean Science Discussions, doi: 10. Today, 22 member institutions partner with the Dauphin Island Sea Lab to provide studies to undergraduate and graduate students. As a general rule, the scaling factor should be less than 5. For more information on registering for the workshop, visit. Also, few large scale wealthy philanthropic foundations are increasingly forming partnership with international environmental organisations in order to address oceans and fisheries issues. National Research Council NRC. It contains definitions of traditional knowledge as well as traditional biological knowledge, innovation, and practices. Prior to joining the Center, he was a columnist at The Oregonian in Portland. This could be due to a less competition for resources with alien lizardfish, which biomass was kept at constant population levels. K–12 Aquaculture Education: A program in Maryland schools in which students learn about and practice aquaculture of commercially important species in tanks on school premises. She holds an MFA in creative writing from the University of Arizona and a master’s in English literature from U.